Load time is a very critical factor that needs to be considered during the design & development phase of a website. It affects the usability of a site, as visitors tend to skip to another website, if it takes too long to load. Here are some effective tips that you could implement on your website that could help your site load faster.
Optimize Size of Images
Images are usually known to be heavy virtually on any websites. So the first step should be to optimize the images. Most of the image editing tools comes with a “save for web” option, which reduces the size of the image. You could even use online image optimizing tools as well.
Use Right Image Formats
Besides optimizing the image using various tools, it is equally important to choose the right format. For instance, if you are using true-color images, JPEG is the ideal format to use. In case of logos and buttons, GIFS are preferable. PNG & GIF are similar except for the fact that PNG supports more colors.
Optimizing Your CSS Code
Most websites today are built using CSS technology & it is important to clean the CSS for faster loading of websites. CleanCSS is a very good tool that can be used for this purpose to remove useless properties from your code.
Use a Slash on Your Links
Most people are unaware of the fact that a step as simple as adding a slash at the end of the link, can help in boosting the load speed of a page. For instance, when a user types “http://www.domain.com/service”, the server has an additional task of determining what kind of file or page is contained in that location. Adding a slash (/) at the end of the link makes it easy for server to understand that it is a directory page, saving valuable load time.
Height & Width Tags
If you use height and width tags for your images, it makes sure that the browser knows the size of the image before loading it. This allows the browser to reserve a space for the image, while loading the rest of the page elements, making the whole process faster.
Reducing the no. of HTTP Requests
When you open a web page, all the objects on the page (scripts, images etc.) will require a round trip to the server. The more the no. of objects, the more is the latency, which can increase the time taken to load a page. So always make sure to use minimum objects on page & combine CSS files & scripts together.
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